The mechanistic order
The principal feature of this order is that the world (a machine, a living organism) is regarded as constituted of entities which are outside of each other, in the sense that they exist independently in different regions of space (and time) and interact through forces that do not bring about any changes in their essential natures.
PHYSICS has become almost totally committed to the notion that the order of the universe is basically mechanistic! The most common form of this notion is that the world is assumed to be constituted of a set of separately existent, indivisible and unchangeable ‘elementary particles’, which are the fundamental ‘building blocks’ (atoms, electrons, protons, neutrons, quarks, partons, ...) of the entire universe.
The mechanistic order is most naturally and directly expressed through the Cartesian grid.
The theory of relativity was the first significant indication in physics of the need to question the mechanistic order. The generally accepted form of mechanism in physics has been shown to be untenable. The idea of a separately and independently existent particle (identiteit) is seen to be, at best, an abstraction furnishing a valid approximation only in a certain limited domain.
Einstein was not able to obtain a generally coherent and satisfactory formulation of his unified field theory.
The particle concept has to be seen as an abstraction from
an unbroken and undivided totality of existence (world lines).
The key features of the quantum theory that challenge mechanism are:
If all actions are in the form of discrete quanta, the interactions
between different entities (e.g., electrons) constitute a single
structure of indivisible links, so that the entire universe has to be
thought of as an unbroken whole (Wave function Ψ ⃑).
The implicate order
What relativity and quantum theory basically have in common is undivided wholeness.
The entire universe (with all its ‘particles’, including those constituting human beings, their laboratories, observing instruments, etc.) (object/subjects non dualiteit !) has to be understood as a single undivided whole, in which analysis into separately and independently existent parts has no fundamental
We then went on to consider a new instrument, called the
hologram. The key new feature of this record is that each part
contains information about the whole object.
The form and structure of the entire object may be
said to be enfolded within each region of the photographic record.
A new notion of order is involved here, which we call the implicate order (from a Latin root meaning ‘to enfold’ or ‘to fold inward’). In terms of the implicate order one may say that everything is enfolded into everything.
This contrasts with the explicate order now dominant in physics in which things are unfolded in the sense that each thing lies only in its own particular region of space and time, and outside the regions
belonging to other things.
This enfoldment and unfoldment takes place not only in the movement of the electromagnetic field but also in that of other fields, such as the electronic, protonic, sound waves, etc.
We call this totality by the name holomovement.
What is is the holomovement,
Everything is to be explained in terms of forms derived from this holomovement. Though the full set of laws governing its totality is unknown (and probably unknowable) nevertheless these laws are assumed to be such that from them may be abstracted relatively autonomous or independent subtotalities of movement (e.g., fields, particles, etc.) having a certain recurrence and stability of their basic patterns of order and measure. Such sub-totalities may then be investigated, each in its own right, without our having first to know the full laws of the holomovement.
Particles have to be taken as projections of a higherdimensional
reality which cannot be accounted for in terms of any force of interaction between them.
Up till now we have contrasted implicate and explicate orders,
treating them as separate and distinct, but the explicate order can be regarded as a particular or distinguished case of a more general set of implicate orders from which latter it can be derived.
When one works in terms of the implicate order, one begins with the undivided wholeness of the universe